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Information Sheet

Student Practical application of shot lists


Scenario -  You have an assignment to shoot a traffic jam. What possible ways could you frame images of rows of cars.  Brainstorm on paper or in your mind the variety you will seek including:


CU hubcaps

CU tire meets the road

CU cones are creeping tires

CU driver/passenger

CU any of the cars parts – lights, mirrors, emblems


MED driver and windshield/door frame

MED cars traveling left and right through screen

MED versions of any of the close ups

MED of any element that reflects cause of jam – OSU sticker for football traffic jam…


WIDE 2 to 20 to 200 cars lined up in traffic

WIDE to give visual sense of scope

WIDE to give visual sense of location

WIDE the surroundings – billboards, buildings, traffic lights, highway signs

WIDE the environment, sun, clouds, puddles


This type of list is a great way to remind yourself or your shooter to get a variety of framing options while at one location or from each vantage point.


Advanced students - Once these basic CU/MED/WD are mastered then you can move on to pan/tilt/zoom/rack focus techniques to open up more creative options


Why shoot a wide variety of stock footage?  You won’t always get fresh footage because of:

            Travel- too far to get to in time to capture – traffic jam presents own problem

Weather –result of, storms, unique situation

Conditions - one time event, truckers on strike, money spill on the highway


Generic Approach - Stock/Canned Footage that can be reused.  If you are the only shooter at a one time event your footage may be only record. Leave any defining faces, locations or conditions out of the stock shots or out of the main focus.  Generic shoppers, crowds, white/blue color workers will find multiple uses in most news settings.  As students, school events and settings will be reusable at Coffman. 

Specific Approach - Shoot the details of the extreme.  If the day is particularly cold capture it visually with smoking tailpipes/sewers, chimneys, visible breathing; look for the visual clues that reveal in this example the temperature extreme.   Same with an event find details to give a visual clue to the content or purpose.